My random thought

Well, just need a place to vent out my anger.

Have you ever feel like you hate something completely that you don't want to do it anymore but you know that actually you can't stop doing it because that's what your parents want you to do?
I'm currently in that situation and no this 'hate' feeling is not only triggered by one thing, though the last straw is what just happened today. It's been building up for a whole 18 months!
I'm not quite sure on what to do. I want to stop all this for the sake of my mental health, but at the same time I don't want my parents to be disappointed in me.

What should I do?

All-In-One Computers

Just wanna share a bit information about AIO, since my on-going project is about this stuff.

So, AIO (All-in-one) computers are desktop computers that combine the CPU and speaker into the same case as the monitor. All-in-one PCs are typically more portable than other desktop PCs and many have been built with carrying handles integrated into the case. They can simply be unplugged and transported to a new location. The example of this kind of computers is Apple iMac.

AIO vs. Desktops
All-in-one PC computers are really just a style of desktop computer system. They still have the same requirements in terms of features and function. The only difference is the number of components. All-in-ones have a single box that is the display and computer versus the traditional desktop that is comprised of the computer case plus a separate monitor. This gives the all-in-one computer system a smaller overall profile than a desktop computer system.

The all-in-one computer still has an advantage over desktops in the number of required cables. Since the monitor is integrated into the system, there isn't a need for a monitor cable or separate display power cord. This reduces the clutter on, underneath or behind a desk.

Due to their small sizes and need for lower power and less heat generating components, most all-in-one computers feature notebook designed components including processors, memory and drives. All of these help make the all-in-one small but they also hinder the overall performance of the system. Typically these notebook components will not perform as well as a traditional desktop. Also, all-in-one computers are more prone to overheating compared to traditional desktop ones.

Another issue that all-in-one computers have is their upgrade-ability. While most desktop computer cases can be easily opened by the consumer to install replacements or upgrades, all-in-one systems tend to restrict access to the components due to their small nature. This typically only limits the systems to having their memory upgraded.

AIO vs. Notebooks
All-in-one computers use all the same components as a notebook computer, so the performance levels are somewhat identical. The only really compelling advantage that a all-in-one computer might hold is the size of the screen, but even this is less than it was. While all-in-one PCs generally come with screen sizes between 17 and 20 inches, we can easily change our traditional desktop computer's screen to the same size or even bigger one.

The all-in-one is smaller than the desktop system, sure it is. But notebooks have the ability to be moved between locations and even used away from any power on their battery packs. This makes them much more flexible than the all-in-one.

All-in-one computers don't offer the performance or flexibility of a desktop computer and don't have the portability of a notebook computer. For people who have limited space for a computer and don't need to move it around, it might be the answer.. But I'm guessing, the majority of consumers would be better served and would still prefer either a traditional desktop or notebook.

Well, if you want to buy a new computing device, which one would you prefer?

Credits to:; though I added and changed some bits of information there according to what I've learned during my project study design. :D

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Christmas Presents

Title: Christmas Presents
Characters: Hyukjae, Donghae
Genre: Fluff (I guess?)
Rating: General Viewing
Warning: Bad grammars and you'll find a lot of mistakes.

Hyukjae and Donghae are neighbors. They both 9 years old. They both attend the same school at the same class and they are also desk-mates. They are already become bestfriends for as long as they could remember.

Today is exactly a month before Christmas and Hyukjae still has no idea about what he’s going to give for his bestfriend. After thinking for a good 2 hours without any progress, he decided to ask Donghae what he wants for christmas.

Upon arriving at Donghae’s house, Hyukjae opened the door and greeted Donghae’s mom who told him that Donghae is going out with his father to do some grocery shopping so Hyukjae could just wait at Donghae’s room until he’s back.

Hyukjae then walked slowly to Donghae’s room with a cookie on one hand and a glass of milk on the other. Once inside the room, he putted the glass on the desk and something caught his eyes.

Curiosity bubbled up inside Hyukjae, that he took the paper in his hand. Since they always shared everything, Hyukjae thought that it’ll be harmless to read the said paper.

On that blue piece of paper, a list was written in a messy handwriting.
Dear Santa,
You know that I’ve been a good boy this year, right? I’ve been good at school. I listened to my parents and my brother well. I played with Hyukkie nicely. I never forgot to brush my teeth and pray before I went to bed. Well, you know I did a lot of nice things, right? So, I would like to asked for a few presents this Christmas.

First, I want a box of gingerbread cookies. Mom usually made that cookies, but not this year. :(
Second, I also want a box of chocolates because my brother ate mine yesterday. Oh and can you tell my mom that I want a huge caramel pudding for my Christmas dinner dessert? Because she will scold me if I told her myself.
Third, I want a ticket to the new planetarium. Dad promised to buy me one, but I guess he forgot to do so since he’s always busy with his work.
Fourth, I want to see a fairytale castle with all the beautiful views and fairies all over.
Lastly, I still don’t understand what it means, but my brother said that I should ask for someone whom I will love and will loves me back equally. He said if I found that person, I would never ever bugged him again. But I love my brother and I just want to play with him. Why he didn’t want to play with me?

Well Santa, I guess that’s all I’m asking for this Christmas. If it’s not too much of a trouble for you, please kindly grants all my wishes.
Lee Donghae
Seeing the letter, Hyukjae’s smile turned brighter. Now he knows exactly what he would gives Donghae this Christmas. He smiled to himself when he heard commotion from downstairs. He knew that Donghae is already home. He quickly putted the paper back in the desk and sat innocently on the floor, reading whatever book he found lying here. Donghae should never know that Hyukjae read his letter.

Days passed by really quickly with the excitement and joy of Christmas. And before they knew it, it’s already December 24.
When the clock strikes 11 PM, Hyukjae slowly climbed down the bed, got all the things he needed, and headed to Donghae’s house. He then climbed the tree that leads to Donghae’s room. He slowly opened the window and got himself in easily. He arranged all the things on the floor nicely and putted a letter alongside the presents. Then he climbed down the tree and ran back to his house.
In the morning, little Donghae opened his eyes and immediately has a huge grin plastered on his face. He sat down on the floor and started opening the presents one by one.
The first one is a jar of gingerbread cookies and the second one is a box of chocolates. Donghae smiled widely to himself; happy that at least he got two out three sweets he wanted so badly this Christmas.
Donghae slowly opened the last present. Inside the box, he found a pair of tickets to the new planetarium. Oh, I’m so taking Hyukkie to the planetarium as soon as I can!
And lastly, he curiously stared at the letter. He opened the envelope carefully and he started reading the letter.
Dear Hae,
By writing this letter, I want to apologize that I couldn’t fulfill all your wishes at this time. Oh, I’m such a fail bestfriend and a fail Santa, I guess.

For the fairytale castle, my mom said there are a lot of them in Europe. But sadly I haven’t got enough money to buy us plane tickets to Europe. The only thing I could say is that I promise to take you there when I already earned enough money. And you know that I always kept my promises, right? Please anticipate it soon!

Oh, and about your last wish. I’m willing to be that person, if you don’t mind. I will love you forever and I would never ever leave your side. Err, I guess you already know that :D
PS. About the caramel pudding, my mom promised to send you a huge one this morning. Just don’t forget to share it with me and your family!
Your best of the best bestfriend,
Lee Hyukjae

Donghae then sloppily threw the letter and the presents on his bed and ran quickly to Hyukjae’s house. Oh, how he loved his bestfriend!

A/N: I wrote this when I got stuck on a traffic jam for 4 hours, so this might not be a great fanfiction. And to be honest, I'm not confident with this and I don't even know how to end it. Haha.
Oh and English is not my main language. So please forgive me for any mistakes..
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Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

Brief Description

The 2.5 million hectare Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site comprises three national parks: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. The site holds the greatest potential for long-term conservation of the distinctive and diverse biota of Sumatra, including many endangered species. The protected area is home to an estimated 10,000 plant species, including 17 endemic genera; more than 200 mammal species; and some 580 bird species of which 465 are resident and 21 are endemic. Of the mammal species, 22 are Asian, not found elsewhere in the archipelago and 15 are confined to the Indonesian region, including the endemic Sumatran orangutan. The site also provides bio-geographic evidence of the evolution of the island.


Justification for Inscription

Criterion (vii): The parks that comprise the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra are all located on the prominent main spine of the Bukit Barisan Mountains, known as the 'Andes of Sumatra'. Outstanding scenic landscapes abound at all scales. The mountains of each site present prominent mountainous backdrops to the settled and developed lowlands of Sumatra. The combination of the spectacularly beautiful Lake Gunung Tujuh (the highest lake in southeast Asia), the magnificence of the giant Mount Kerinci volcano, numerous small volcanic, coastal and glacial lakes in natural forested settings, fumaroles belching smoke from forested mountains and numerous waterfalls and cave systems in lush rainforest settings, emphasize the outstanding beauty of the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.

Criterion (ix): The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra represent the most important blocks of forest on the island of Sumatra for the conservation of the biodiversity of both lowland and mountain forests. This once vast island of tropical rainforest, in the space of only 50 years, has been reduced to isolated remnants including those centered on the three nominated sites. The Leuser Ecosystem, including the Gunung Leuser National Park, is by far the largest and most significant forest remnant remaining in Sumatra. All three parks would undoubtedly have been important climatic refugia for species over evolutionary time and have now become critically important refugia for future evolutionary processes.

Criterion (x): All three parks that comprise the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra are areas of very diverse habitat and exceptional biodiversity. Collectively, the three sites include more than 50% of the total plant diversity of Sumatra. At least 92 local endemic species have been identified in Gunung Leuser National Park. The nomination contains populations of both the world’s largest flower (Rafflesia arnoldi) and the tallest flower (Amorphophallus titanium). The relict lowland forests in the nominated sites are very important for conservation of the plant and animal biodiversity of the rapidly disappearing lowland forests of South East Asia. Similarly, the montane forests, although less threatened, are very important for conservation of the distinctive montane vegetation of the property.

Long Description

This serial World Heritage site comprises three widely separated nationally protected areas along the Bukit Barisan mountain range, which runs along the western side of the island of Sumatra. The sites are Gunung Leuser National Park in the northern provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and Sumatra Utara; Kerinci Sablat National Park in the south-central provinces of Sumatra Barat, Jambi, Sumatra Selatan and Benkulu; and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in the far southern provinces of Sumatra Selatan, Bengkulu and Lampung, partly bordering the south-west coast.

The composite site, straddles the equator along the Bukit Barisan mountain range. This runs 1,650 km down the western side of the island studded with active volcanoes. The eastern side of Sumatra is predominantly lowland and in the past has periodically been linked to the Asian mainland.

Gunung Leuser National Park in the north is 150 km long, over 100 km wide and is predominantly mountainous. It covers most of the West Barisan, West Alas and East Barisan ranges and is almost divided by the Alas valley graben. Kerinci Sablat National Park in the center extends 350 km down the spine of the Bukit Barisan. Three-quarters of the park is steep. Its highest point is the magnificent Gunung Kerinci - at 3,805 m, the highest peak in Sumatra and highest volcano in Indonesia. It is active. Nearby Gunung Tujuh is an outstandingly beautiful crater lake at 1,996 m. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is also 350 km long but only 45 km wide on average. The northern two-thirds are mountainous, averaging 1,500 m with a high point at Gunung Pulung of 1,964 m. The southern half is lower; 90 km of it is a peninsula and the park borders the sea for half its length. Dozens of rivers originate in the park and there are several lakes and hot springs. 

The Indonesian archipelago contains 10% of the world's flowering plants and Sumatra, the third largest island, is the location of the Sumatran Islands Lowland and Montane Forests Eco-region and part of the WWF's Sundaland hotspot. Its forests are among the largest tropical rainforests in South-East Asia, comparable with those of Borneo and Papua New Guinea.

Animal diversity in Sumatra is impressive, with some 180 mammal species in the nominated sites, and some 450 bird species.

Sumatra has a high level of endemism, which is well represented in the nominated sites. It is evidence of the land bridge/barrier between the Sumatran biota and that of mainland Asia due to changes in sea level. Some of the animal distributions may also be evidence of the effect of the Mount Toba tuff eruptions 75,000 years ago. The Sumatran orangutan for example, is not found south of Lake Toba nor the Asian tapir north of it. The altitudinal range and connections between the diverse habitats in these areas must have facilitated the ongoing ecological and biological evolution. Key mammals of the parks are the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, orangutan, Sumatran elephant; also Malayan sun-bear and the endemics Sumatran grizzled langur, Hoogerwerf's rat. Rare birds noted in the site's nomination are Sumatran ground cuckoo, Rueck's blue flycatcher, Storm's stork and white-winged duck.

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Global Warming Issues

Here some interesting facts about Global Warming :

  1. Buildings, not cars, produce the most CO2 in the United States. Private residences, shopping malls, warehouses, and offices account for 38 percent of the nation's emissions, mainly because of electricity use.
  2. By doing commonplace things like turning on air-conditioning or driving cars, a typical American household outputs 150 pounds of carbon daily. That's more than twice the European average and almost five times the global average.
  3. To avoid reaching a critical tipping point, Tim Flannery, author of The Weather Makers: How Man Is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth, cites the need to reduce carbon emissions by 80 percent. In his book, Flannery stresses the need to reduce personal energy consumption.
  4. A gallon of gas adds a whopping 19.6 pounds of CO2 to the atmosphere. By comparison, a kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity in the U.S. produces 1.5 pounds of CO2. Every 100 cubic feet of natural gas emits 12 pounds of CO2.
  5. The United States produces six billion metric tons of CO2, or about a fifth of the world's output. That staggering amount could reach seven billion by 2030, as our population and economy continue to grow.
  6. Buildings, not cars, produce the most CO2 in the United States. Private residences, shopping malls, warehouses, and offices account for 38 percent of the nation's emissions, mainly because of electricity use. It doesn't help that the average new house in the United States is 45 percent bigger than it was 30 years ago.
  7. Transportation produces 34 percent of the nation's emissions. Car-makers have been told by Congress to raise fuel economy standards by 40 percent by 2020. But emissions will still grow, because the number of miles driven in the U.S. keeps going up.
  8. A study by McKinsey & Company, a management consulting firm, estimated that the United States could -- using technology we have now that would pay for itself in savings -- avoid 1.3 billion tons of CO2 emissions a year. Instead of growing by more than a billion tons by 2020, annual emissions in the U.S. would drop by 200 million tons a year.
  9. You could save as much as 5 percent of your monthly electric bill, or $1.25 a week if you're paying about $100 a month to the power company.
  10. Earth Day: Some 20 million people turned out across the U.S. on April 22, 1970, rallying for the protection of the environment. The momentum built that day carried through to the creation of the U.S. EPA and the passage of the Clean Air, Endangered Species, and Clean Water Acts.
  11. In Japan, passengers in Tokyo train stations generate energy every time they take a step. Special flooring tiles capture the vibrations generated by footfalls, which can be stored as energy. Enough energy is captured during the day to light up electronic signboards.
  12. The largest landfill in the world, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch was formed by a slow-moving spiral of ocean currents that became a magnet for millions of pounds of trash—mostly plastic.

Will update as soon as I find another interesting fact. :)
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